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Background: This article presents a case series of three male patients who underwent combined robot-assisted radical prostatectomy and anterior resection (RARP-AR) for synchronous prostate cancer (PCa) and colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim was to investigate the patient characteristics, surgical sequence, and postoperative oncological and functional outcomes of this surgical modality.
Methods: In all cases, RARP-AR was performed without neoadjuvant chemotherapy or radiation. The patients’ postoperative outcomes were assessed in terms of erectile function, and urinary and faecal continence.
Results: The study showed that RARP-AR represents a potential single surgery for the management of synchronous PCa and CRC.
Conclusion: The authors conclude that further studies are needed to validate these findings and standardise the logistics of the combined robotic resection of these anatomically distinct but neighbouring structures.